A single judge of Jharkhand High Court held the open secret of misuse of 498A IPC.
From Paras 8-12,
Rakesh Rajput and Anr Vs State of Jharkhand and Anr on 31 Oct 2023
8. With the laudable object of punishing cruelty at the hands of husband or his relatives, Section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code was inserted in the statute. There is a phenomenal increase in matrimonial disputes in recent years and it appears that in many cases, the object of Section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code is being misused and the said Section is used as weapon rather than shield by disgruntled wives. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Arnesh Kumar v. State of Bihar , reported in [(2014) 8 SCC 273], certain guidelines have been issued how to arrest a person against whom matrimonial disputes are there.
9. Such type of cases are being filed in the heat of the moment over trivial issues without proper deliberations and this aspect of the matter has been considered by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Preeti Gupta v. State of Jharkhand, reported in [(2010) 7 SCC 667].
10. Little matrimonial skirmishes suddenly erupt which often assume erious proportions resulting in commission of heinous crimes in which elders of the family are falsely implicated by the wives. This aspect of the matter has been considered by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Geeta Mehrotra v. State of U.P. , reported in [(2012) 10 SCC 741].
11. The Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of K. Subba Rao v. State of Telangana, reported in [(2018) 14 SCC 452] has observed that the Court should be careful in proceeding against the distant relatives in crimes pertaining to matrimonial disputes and dowry deaths.
12. The above line of judgments of the Hon’ble Supreme Court clearly suggest that how Section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code is being misused nowadays.
Index of Quash judgments here.